A fact that can be accepted by most individuals is that the advent of technology simplifies the tasks we normally perform. Technology has impacted different aspects of our lives including food, water, shelter, transport, and health. For example, instant communication has been facilitated and the lengthy amount of time used in transit can be significantly reduced.
One of the major ways environmental issues are being dealt with is the utilization of the Internet of Things (IoT). Despite being powerful, this kind of technology is highly vulnerable to hacking and can only be thoroughly protected if the traffic is properly encrypted. When secured, IoT technology goes a long way towards building a more sustainable future.
Here are 3 ways of how the Internet of Things can save our environment:
1. GPS System to rescue endangered animals
Different technology is utilized in regions of the world containing endangered species like gorillas, orangutans, and tigers. The animals have collars placed on them to help detect their activities and movement. An audio system is also employed where the noises the animals make are monitored. This helps operators determine if the animal is in danger from higher animals or has been hurt.
Collars are also placed on animals that have habitats near to human communities. The collars fitted with GPS systems help track the movement of the animals to ensure they don’t accidentally have encounters with humans.
2. Blockchain to put an end to illegal fishing
The journey of tuna fish from ocean to factory would be monitored using blockchain, the primary technology behind cryptocurrencies. ConsenSys, a company in the blockchain industry, has collaborated with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) to develop a framework for this purpose. Essentially, this system would serve to prevent illegal and unregulated fishing.
It utilizes a series of technological tools and devices such as radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags and quick response (QR) code tags to pool information on the journey of the tuna fish. Information on the tuna fish starts as soon as the fish is caught. An RFID tag would be placed on the fish to consistently give out data to the private blockchain on which ConsenSys is built. This tracking with the use of a QR code continues until the fish is received by a consumer.
3. Surveillance technology to prevent illegal fishing activities
Sentient Vision Systems, a tech firm, has built up a form of surveillance called ViDAR (Visual Detection and Ranging). The ViDAR framework makes use of a visual observance system that can capture a very wide portion of the ocean at a time. The system works by integration on different types of aircraft and can detect alien objects on the ocean even from very high distances up in the atmosphere.
ViDAR can be integrated on varying aircraft such as helicopters, manned aircraft, and unmanned aircraft. This basically puts ViDAR ahead of other ocean surveillance technologies by 80 times, owing to the ever-constant observation of the ocean. Objects on the sea as small as fishing boats would even be able to be detected, thus preventing illegal fishing.
It has been proven through several series of actions and developments that technology can serve as a tool in saving the environment. Technology which has improved several sectors of human life today can be utilized in the form of surveillance to put an end to illegal fishing, the use of QR code and RFID tags to further prevent illegal fishing, and collars to save our wildlife.